Want to dig more deeply into education funding and expenditures in Texas? The following are several external resources that provide more information about how money comes into Texas schools and where they spend it.

Education Calamity: Two Years Later, do the Claims Hold Up?

In this video of a Texas House of Representatives Floor Debate in the 82nd Legislature (2011), two State Representatives make projections about the potential impact of education budget cuts. Representative Lon Burnam insisted that the budget for the 2012-2013 biennium would "undermine education in this state". In response, Rep. Mando Martinez claimed that the budget had "the potential of laying off over a 100,000 teachers." For reference, SNAPSHOT 2011, published by the Texas Education Agency, shows that in the 2010-2011 school year there were 326,162 teachers. We will update this post once SNAPSHOT 2012 is published to determine if their claim was accurate.

Friedman Foundation - The School Staffing Surge

According to a new report released by The Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice, "America’s K-12 public education system has experienced tremendous historical growth in employment, according to the U.S. Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics." The report, The School Staffing Surge: Decades of Employment Growth in America’s Public Schools, Part II, is available to download as a PDF, and includes a state-by-state map that allows you to drill-down into state-specific data. For example, from 1992 to 2009, the Texas student population grew 37 percent, while administration and non-teaching staff grew 172 percent. In that time frame, if administrators & non-teachers had grown at the same rate as students, Texas could save in excess of $6 billion per year.

Data: National Center for Education Statistics, George W. Bush Institute

The National Center for Education Statistics offers a range of in-depth data resources, including Fast Facts on state-by-state rankings, state profiles on student performance, and a Texas Education Data Profile.

See also the Global Report Card which "was developed by Jay P. Greene and Josh B. McGee as part of the George W. Bush Institute's Education Reform Initiative."

Efficiency Intervenors to School Finance Litigation

The group Texans for Real Efficiency and Equity in Education has joined the most recent school finance litigation, arguing the the state's system of public education is inefficient because it is a monopoly. The group's web site,, provides a wealth of information on inefficiency in public education. For an overview of their arguments, please see the opening statements posted on the group's home page, along with other documents and resources.

Education Debt Tools by the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts Susan Combs recently published a report, Your Money & Education Debt, which examines the outstanding debt issued by public schools in Texas.

The report found:

"In fiscal 2011, public school districts combined had one-third of outstanding Texas local government debt – $63.6 billion or $13,530 for every student in a district with debt. Of Texas’ 1,024 school districts, 854 have outstanding debt. From 2001-2011, public school districts’ total debt outstanding rose by 155.2 percent, far more than the increase in inflation."

Click here to download the full report (PDF)

Texas Superintendent Salaries: 2011-2012

The following table provides data on the twenty highest-paid superintendents in the State of Texas for the 2011-2012 school year.

An excel file of the full data can be downloaded here. This data and custom reports on superintendent salaries are available from the Texas Education Agency.

Texas Superintendent Salaries: 2010

Facing an unprecedented budget shortfall, some lawmakers are questioning whether public schools spend too much on administration — or, more specifically, administrator pay. Atop that list are Texas' superintendents, the chief executives at more than 1,000 districts statewide.

These officials are paid on average about $108,000 a year, according to the Texas Education Agency's list of salaries from the 2009-10 academic year.

Use this interactive table to sort those records by salary, district enrollment and pay per student — and how each superintendent ranks. The records can also be filtered by selecting counties in the table. Search the previous academic year.

To explore certain superintendent's contracts, follow this link:

Transparency by Texas School Districts

Does your hometown school district value teachers over bureaucrats? Find out how your local school district is spending your tax dollars by clicking the following link. Find your school district in the left-hand column, then see the right-hand column to find out what data is available.

Texas Comptroller's Financial Allocation Study for Texas (FAST) report

The Comptroller’s office is leading the Financial Allocation Study for Texas (FAST) to examine how our school districts and campuses spend their money – and how this spending translates into student achievement. Our study is intended to identify cost-effective practices that promote academic progress.

Texas Education Agency Pocket Edition, 2009-10

Texas Tribune: Search Texas Superintendent Salaries

Search the most recent state database of superintendent salaries -- and compare that with the enrollment and academic ratings of their districts.